The process of risk assessment is deisgned for use with every client who discloses current domstic abuse, stalking and harassment, honour-based violence and sexual violence.
If no disclosure or consent is given by the client professional judgement can be used to escalate concerns to MARAC, if the situation is thought to be high risk.
Risk assessments help determine the level of risk an individual is exposed to. They also enable agencies to make defensible decisions. DASH, (Domestic, Abuse, Stalking and Honour Based Violence) is an evidence-based risk assessment tool used by professionals across a variety of organisations in Wales.
The DASH process helps agencies identify if a case is high risk and if it should be referred to Multi Agency Risk Assessment Conference, (MARAC). It also helps establish other forms of support that may be offered.
Other risk assessment tools may be used for honour-based and sexual violence cases.
Competency in risk assessment
A considerable amount of skill, confidence and understanding of the issues surrounding these forms of abuse is needed to undertake a satisfactory risk assessment with a client.
As a minimum staff who complete DASH risk assessments should have had specific DASH and MARAC training in line with The Violence against Women, Domestic Abuse and Sexual Violence (Wales) Act 2015, National Training Framework Group 4, Specialist Syllabus and qualifiactions or recognised equivalent.
Staff who have not had training or who aren't confident enough to complete a risk assessment should refer tenants to a specialist agency, or internal trained officer (if available).